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Wednesday, March 27, 2019

IX. ELECTORAL PROCESS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION



1. The Electoral System of India is largely based on the pattern of
Britain  

2. The details regarding the Electoral System of India
were provided by the Parliament through a number of laws 

3. Who has the power to make necessary provisions with respect to elections?
Parliament 

4. Who is competent to declare the elections to the Lok Sabha?
President  

5. What is the outstanding feature(s) of the Electoral System of India?
(i) Political parties are an indispensable part of the process,
(ii) Based on Universal Adult Franchise, &
(iii) Provides a single electoral body 

6. Elections to Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly in India are conducted on the basis of
Adult Franchise

7. What is the system used to elect the President of India?
Proportional Representation 

8. Who is authorized to determine the territorial constituencies after each Census?
Parliament

9. Which of the following provisions kept democracy alive in India?
Electoral provisions

10. Chief Minister of a State is not eligible to vote in the Presidential Election if he is
Member of the Legislative Council of the State Legislature

11. Voting age of citizens is changed from 21 to 18 years by ____ Constitutional Amendment Act.
61st

12. 61st Constitutional Amendment reduced the voting age from
21 to 18

13. Citizen of India has the right to cast his vote after attaining the age of _____ years.
18 

14. Elections in India are held on the basis of 
Single-member constituencies 

15. The Chief Election Commissioner
Appointed by the President 

16. The Chief Election Commissioner holds Office
for a fixed term of five years

17. The number of Members in Election Commission including the Chairman is
3

18. Which Article under the Constitution gives power to the Election Commission to conduct elections?
324 

19. The control and preparation of electoral rolls for Parliament and State Legislature vest with the
Election Commission 

20. Election to Local Self Government shall be conducted by
State Election Commission

21. Who will conduct the elections to posts of President and Vice President?
Election Commission

22. Election Commission does not conduct an election to
Speaker of Lok Sabha

23. Who has been made responsible for free and fair elections in the country?
Chief Election Commissioner

24. Elections to Lok Sabha shall be held after every
Five years

25. For election to Lok Sabha, nomination papers can be filed by
Any citizen whose name appears in the electoral roll 

26. The party system in India can be described as
Multi-party  

27. Which one of the following is a feature of the party system in India?
There is a close resemblance in the policies and programmes of various political

28. In India, the citizens have been given the right to vote on the basis of
age 

29. Which categories of persons are not entitled to exercise vote through postal ballot?
Indian nationals settled abroad

30. Which body gives recognition to political parties?
Election Commission  

31. Main consideration which prompted the government to convert Election Commission into a multi-member body was
To check the unbridled powers of the Chief Election Commissioner 

32. Who accords recognition to various political parties as national or regional parties?
Election Commission 

33. To be recognized as a national party, a party must secure at least 
4% of the valid votes in four or more States 

34. To be recognized as a regional party, a party must secure at least
4% of the valid votes in State 

35. Which one of the following statements about the Election Commission is correct?
The Members of the Election Commission have equal powers with the Chief Election Commissioner

36. Which of the following is not the function of the Election Commission?
Selecting candidates for contesting elections 

37. This is not the function of the Election Commission.
Ascertain the suitability of candidates 

38. Election disputes shall be decided by the
Election Commission 

39. In terms of Election laws in India, electioneering ceases in a constituency at least ____hours before the commencement of the polling.
48

40. The Election Commission does not conduct the election to the
Post of Prime Minister 

41. The Election Commission has no power to conduct an election to the
Speaker of Lok Sabha

42. The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections to
(i) Parliament,
(ii) Offices of President and Vice President &
(iii) State Legislatures 

43. The Election Commission of India enjoys
Constitutional basis 

44. The Election Commission generally consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and such other Commissioners as
determined by the President from time to time 

45. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from Office before the expiry of the term by the
President on the recommendation of the Parliament 

46. Chief Election Commissioner shall be removed by the
Parliament  

47. Who of the following has voting rights?
Adult resident citizen of a State 

48. Who is responsible for keeping the voters’ list up-to-date at all times?
Election Commission 

49. The first general elections were held in India in (OR) When did first General Elections was held?
1951-52 

50. Which of the following General Elections of India was spread over for 100 days?
First 

51. Which of the following features of the Electoral System of India ?
(i) It is based on Universal Adult Franchise,
(ii) Political parties are an indispensable part of the electoral process  &
(iii) It provides a single electoral body 

52. The term ‘Fourth Estate’ refers to
Press 

53. The chief merit of proportional representation is
a representation to all parties in the legislature according to their strength 

54. In India, the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote is used in the election of the
President

55. Regional Election Commissioners may be appointed by the
President 

56. Regional Election Commissioners may be appointed by the President with the consultation of 
Election Commission

57. Other Election Commissioner or Regional Election Commissioners shall be removed on the recommendation of the
Chief Election Commissioner

58. Which of the following Lok Sabha was dissolved before the expiry of its nominal term and fresh elections held before the due date?
Fourth 

59. The Parliamentary elections of 1999, which have been described as the longest elections of India, were spread over _______ weeks.
four 

60. Which one of the following regional party emerged as the largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha elections held in December 1984?
Telugu Desam Party  

61. Consider the following tasks: 
(i) Supervision, direction, and conduction of elections, 
(ii) Preparation of electoral rolls, 
(iii) Proclaiming final verdict in the case of electoral irregularities 

62. What is the ground on which the Chief Election Commissioner of India can be removed from his Office?
Incapacity

63. Elections to the Lok Sabha and Legislative Assemblies in India are held on the basis of 
Adult Franchise

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