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Saturday, October 20, 2018

II. FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (FRs)

FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS (FRs)



1. India is referred to as ___ under the Indian Constitution.
--- Bharat 

2. Who is empowered to admit a new State to the Union of India?

---- Parliament 

3. Which important Human Right is protected in Article 21 of our Constitution?

--- Right to Life and Liberty

4. The Constitution confers a special authority for the enforcement of FRs on the

---- Supreme Court

5. The FRs of the Indian Citizen in our Constitution are contained in (OR) FRs are guaranteed under ____ of the Indian Constitution.

--- Part III

6. Under Article 368, Parliament has no power to repeal FRs because they are

---- Basic Structure of Constitution 

7. FRs can be claimed against the

---- State

8. The FRs, which cannot be suspended even during the emergency, are Articles _____.

---- 20 and 21

9. Clause (1) of Article 13 is applicable only to

---- Pre-constitutional Laws 

10. Original Constitution classified FRs into seven categories but now there are

--- Six

11. India’s desire for civil liberties started from the struggle for independence against the

---- British Rule

12. India borrowed the idea of incorporating FRs in the Constitution from

---- USA

13. The concept of Single Citizenship is borrowed from the Constitution of

---- Britain 

14. The concept of Dual Citizenship in the Union of India was recommended by

---- L. M. Singhvi Committee.

15. Under which Article of the Indian Constitution, Citizenship of a person can be determined at the commencement of the Constitution?

--- 5

16. Which Article describes the persons voluntarily acquiring Citizenship of a foreign State not to be an Indian Citizen?

--- 9

17. Who is authorized to lay down qualifications to acquire the Citizenship?

 ---- President 

18. Which of the following is a qualification to acquire Citizenship by Naturalization?

---- A person is in service of Government of India from 12 months

19. FRs are not applicable to

-------Armed Forces

20. Which Article of the Constitution empowers the Parliament to enact the provisions for acquisition and termination of Citizenship?

---------- 11

21. By which FR other FRs is protected?

---------Right to Constitutional Remedies 

22. Right to Property is a legal right under the Article ____.

---- 300A 

23. Which of the following is not an FR? [Right to]

--------Property 

24. Which of the following has ceased to be an FR in the Indian Constitution? [Right to]

------------ Property

25. Which among the following is not an FR? [Right to]

---- Strike 

26. Which FR has been a subject of maximum controversy and litigation? [Right to]

-------------- Property

27. The Right to private property was dropped from the list of FRs by the (OR) Right to the property took the shape of a legal right by way of

----------- 44th Amendment 

28. The Right to equality guaranteed by the Indian Constitution does not include

-------------- Economic Equality

29. ‘Equality before the Law’ implies

---- absence of any privilege in favour of any person

30. Which Resolution for the first time expressed the concept of equality before the law?

--- Swaraj Bill 

31. The FRs of the Indian Citizen were

--- Enshrined in Original Constitution

32. Which one of the FRs was described by Dr B. R. Ambedkar as the ‘Heart and Soul of the Constitution’? [Right to]

--- Constitutional Remedies

33. Which of the following confers upon the citizens the right to approach a court of law for the protection and restoration of FRs? (Right)

---- Constitutional Remedies

34. The Right to Constitutional Remedies are

---- Fundamental Rights 

35. The Constitutional remedies under Article 32 can be suspended by the

---- Parliament

36. Writs can be issued for the enforcement of FRs by the

--- Supreme Court 

37. Which one of the following FRs is restrained by the Preventive Detention Act? [Right to]

-- Freedom

38. Who enjoys the right to impose reasonable restrictions on the FRs of Indian citizen? (OR) Who has the power to empower the Courts other than the Supreme and High Courts to issue writs and orders for the enforcement of the FRs?

--- Parliament

39. Who can abridge any FR without damaging or destroying the basic features of the Constitution?

----Parliament 

40. Which one of the following Courts is responsible for the enforcement of FRs?

 --- Supreme Court

41. Which of the following is the guardian of the FRs of the citizens? (OR) Who is the Protector and Guarantor of the FRs?

-- Supreme Court 

42. Any violation of FRs can be presented to

--- Both Supreme and High Courts

43. Who is authorized to impose restrictions on FRs?

----------Legislature

44. The FRs of the Indian citizen

--- can be suspended by the President during the national emergency

 45. FRs are

--- Those basic conditions of social life without which a Citizen cannot be at his/her best self

46. The FRs ensure the protection of --- Citizens against arbitrary rule 47. Our Constitution grants to the citizens ______ FRs.

 --------------- Six 

48. ‘Ultra vires’ means

---- Without authority

49. Who is not entitled to form Union?

---- Police 

50. By the Citizenship Act of 1955, when he/she will be losing the Citizenship?

---- Renunciation, Deprivation &  Termination 

51. Who quoted ‘Child of today is the Citizen of tomorrow’?

----- Jawaharlal Nehru 

52. Generally, the census is conducted for _____ year(s).

---- 10 

53. Who quoted ‘Freedom is my Birth Right’?

--- Sardar 

54. What is the age in years for casting their vote?

--- 18

55. Which Article and Amendment change the right to vote from 21 to 18 years?

---- 326 and 61st 

56. ‘Creamy Layer’ means

---- Persons having higher incomes 

57. ‘Backward Class (BC)’ can be classified into

--- Most Backward Class 

58. Mandal Commission deals with

----- Reservation for backward class people 

59. This is one of the grounds for classification

---- Annual income

60. ‘Equal Protection of Law’ means

--- the same law shall apply to all who are similarly situated

61. Seats in Educational Institutions can be reserved for

--- Socially and Educationally backward class people

62. Minimum percentage of reservation in a educational institution is

--- 50% 

63. Minority maybe

---- linguistic or religious

64. This is not the ground to impose a restriction on Right of freedom of speech and expression

-- Public nuisance 

65. Which one of the following courts are responsible for the enforcement of FRs?

---- Supreme Court

66. Which one of the following statements is correct?

----- FRs are superior to the DPSP

67. In which case did the Supreme Court restrict the authority of Parliament to amend FRs and declared these rights to be absolute, permanent and unalterable?

 --- Golak Nath Case 

68. In the famous Keshavananda Bharti V/s State of Kerala Case, the Supreme Court asserts the power of the parliament to amend the Constitution under Article 368 subject to

---- Certain implied and inherent limitation of not amending the Basic Structure of the Constitution

69. ‘Rule of Law which permeates the entire fabric of the Indian Constitution excludes arbitrariness’. This principle is laid down in

---- Maneka Gandhi V/s Union Government Case

70. The protection guaranteed under Article 21 is available even to convicts in jails. The convicts are not by mere reasons of their conviction deprived of the entire FRs which they otherwise possess. This is the principle laid down in

--- Sunil Batra V/s Delhi Administration Case

71. Gender Equality includes protection from sexual harassment and the right to work with dignity, which is universally recognized as a basic Human Right. This principle is laid down in

--- Vishaka V/s State of Rajasthan Case

72. The Supreme Court held that the nuisance caused by the pollution of the river Ganga is a public nuisance which is widespread and affecting the lives of a large number of persons and therefore any particular person can take proceedings to stop it. This PIL is

--- M.C. Mehta V/s Union of India (1988)

73. Charging capitation fees for admission to educational institutions is illegal and amounted to a denial of citizen’s right to education. This principle is laid down in

---- Mohin Jain V/s State of Karnataka Case 

74. The right to establish an educational institution and imparting education is not a commercial activity. This principle is laid down in

--- Unnikrishnan V/s State of Andhra Pradesh Case

75. The principle of Judicial review of President’s Rule in State under Article 356 is laid down in

---  S.R. Bommai V/s Union of India

76. Who among the following has voting rights?

---- An adult resident citizen of a State

77. The right to strike is

----

78. Which one is not an FR?

--- The Right to Strike 

79. Which one of the following FRs has been subject of maximum litigation since the inauguration of the Constitution? (Right to)

--- Property 

80. The rule of Equality before the law is not applicable to

---- Governor of State

81. Right to Equality is guaranteed under the Article ____.

--- 14

82. Article 14 guarantees equality before the law to

---- All persons

83. ‘Right to Equality’ means

--- permits the State to make special provisions for women, children and backward classes

84. Equal opportunity in matters of public employment is guaranteed under the Article

--- 16

85. Which among the following FRs abolishes discrimination?

--- Equality

86. Untouchability is associated with _______ inequality.

---- Social 

87. ‘Right to Freedom’ can be restricted in the interest of

---- Public order, Security of the State & Friendly relations with foreign States 

88. This is not the ground to impose the restriction on the right of freedom of speech and expression.

---- Law and order

89. Which one of the following right conferred by the Constitution is also available to noncitizens?

--- Right to constitutional remedies

90. The Sikhs in India are permitted to carry Kirpans. Under which FR are they permitted to do so?

----  Right to freedom of religion

91. Freedom of Speech under the Indian Constitution is subject to reasonable restrictions on the grounds of protection of

--- Sovereignty and integrity of the country

92. Which one of the following is considered as Bulwark of Democracy? (Right to)

 ----- Speech 

93. One of the restrictions of freedom of speech and expression is

--- Contempt of Court 

94. At present, the Right to property is a

--- Human Right

95. Which one of the following is not an FR? (Right to)

--- Property

96. The main objective of the cultural and educational rights granted to the citizens is to

---- Help the minorities to conserve their culture

97. A person can move to Supreme Court directly in the vent of violation of FRs under Article

--- 32

98. A citizen’s FRs are protected

 ---- when the citizen approaches the court for remedy

99. The FRs of a citizen can be suspended by the

--- President during a National Emergency

100. For the enforcement of the FRs, the courts can issue

--- A Writ

101. Which FR granted by the Constitution prohibits traffic in human beings? 

----- Right against exploitation 

102. ‘Traffic in Human beings’ means 

--- selling or purchasing men and women 

103. Right against exploitation prohibits 

--- Traffic in Human being

104. Right to practice and propagate any religion is subject to 

--- public order 

105. Right to property was eliminated from the list of FRs during the tenure of 

--- Morarji Desai  

106. Legal equality under the Indian Constitution implies that 

--- there should be equality amongst equals and inequality among unequals 

107. Who of the following can amend the FRs granted by the Constitution? 

----- Parliament  

108. A citizen can directly move the Supreme Court for any violation of FR under the Article ____. 

----34 

109. The main objective of the FRs is to 

---- ensure individual liberty 

110. Under the Indian Constitution, a citizen 

---- can be deprived of life and liberty only in accordance with the procedure established by the law

111. Constitution grants Right against exploitation to “Children / Women / Tribals / Dalits” 

-------------  C and W  

112. Which of the Provision authorizes Parliament to discriminate in favor of women against men? 

---- ---------Article 15 (3) 

113. Article 15 (3) confers special provisions to 

--- ------Women and Children  

114. Article 15 (4) confers special provisions for the advancement of 

---- SCs and STs 

115. The prohibition imposed by Article 20 is applicable to 

--- --------Criminal cases 

116. The principle “No person shall be prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once” is 

----- --------Double jeopardy 

117. If an Act is not an offence on the date of its commission, a law enacted in future cannot make it so, is the principle of 

---- Ex-post facto law 

118. ‘Ex-post facto law’ means 

---  passing a criminal law with retrospective effect 

119. An arrested person should be allowed 

--- to consult his Lawyer 

120. Every person who has been arrested has the right to be produced before the 

--- Magistrate 

121. A person arrested has to be produced before the Magistrate within 

--- 24 hours  

122. The right of the accused to be informed about his ground of arrest is

--- Mandatory 

123. No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed 

---- On the grounds for such arrest 

124. The provisions enshrined under the Article 22 are 

---- Mandatory 

125. Article 21A was inserted under our Constitution by way of ____ Constitutional Amendment. 

---  86th  

126. Earlier to 86th Amendment, Article 21A is in the form of 

---- DPSP  

127. What is the object of Article 21A of the Constitution? 

----  Primary Education  

128. Right to education guaranteed under the Article 21A shall be between the age group of 

--- 6 to 14

129. Right to Primary Education guaranteed under the Article 21A was inserted into the Constitution by _____ Constitutional Amendment. 

---- 86th  

130. Which of the following has been included in the list of FRs to Indian citizen? 

----  Education to all children between 6-14 years of age 

131. Right to Education is a part of 

---- Right to life 

132. Right to Life includes Right to 

--- get education 

133. Education has become the joint responsibility of the Center and State Governments through a Constitutional Amendment in 

--- 1976  

134. The Constitution does not protect the Right of the minority with regard to 

--- Cult  

135. Which among the following Article guarantees the Right of minorities to establish and administer the educational institutions? 

--- 30 

136. The Right to establish educational institutions under Article 30 is applicable to 

--- Linguistic Minority 

137. Right to a Decent environment includes 

--- Right to life 

138. A person is detained under Preventive Detention Law when 

--- he is likely to cause harm to the public 

139. The forced labour does not include service rendered under 

--- compulsion of economic circumstances  

140. This is one of the bases for classification 

--- geographical 

141. Sexual harassment of working women in violation of 

---  FRs 

142. The popular name for a nine-Judge Bench of the Supreme Court has in ‘Indra Sawhney V/s Union of India Case’ is 

----  Mandal Commission Case  

143. Freedom of speech and expression does not include 

---- calling for ‘Bundh’ 

144. Freedom of the press is included in Right to 

---- freedom of speech and expression 

145. Freedom of the press is protected under the Article 

--- 19(1)(d)  

146. ‘Right to Privacy’ includes Right to 

---- personal liberty 

147. A citizen of India may be debarred from the Right to vote on the ground of 

--- unsoundness of mind, crime or corrupt or illegal practice & non-resident  

148. Freedoms guaranteed under the Article 19 are suspended during an emergency on the ground of 

---- War or external aggression 

149. Right to Freedom guaranteed under Article 19 ____ during emergency. 

-----  can be suspended  

150. Article 19(2) under the Indian Constitution speaks about 

--- Reasonable restrictions  

151. India has recognized 

----- No religion as National Religion 

152. Freedom of religion guaranteed under the Article 25 is applicable to 

---  Citizens only, Persons residing within India & Persons of Indian Origin  

153. The secular provisions under the Indian Constitution are guaranteed under Article____. 

--- 22

154. Article 25 guarantees freedom of religion, but it is subject to 

---- Public order, Morality & Health 

155. ‘Contempt of Court’ places restriction on which of the following FR? (Right) 

---- Freedom 

156. Right to life and personal liberty guaranteed under Article 21 implies 

---  right of every human being to live with dignity 

157. Any law depriving personal liberty guaranteed under Article 21 had to conform with 

-- Article 20 &  Article 22  

158. Any law laid down by the Parliament to deprive the personal liberty should be 

----- Fair, Reasonable &  Just  

159. This is not a Writ. 

----  Writ of Prevention  

160. How many types of writs are there? 

---- 5 

161. Writ can be directly filed in the 

--- Supreme Court 

162. The writ of Habeas Corpus is issued 

---- in the form of an order calling upon a person who has detained another person to bring that person before the court and show authority for such detention 

163. The writ of Quo Warranto is an order from a superior court 

---- whereby it can call upon a person to show under what authority he is holding the office 

164. The writ of Mandamus is issued by a superior court to 

---  to command a person or public authority to do something in the nature of the public duty 

165. The writ of Certiorari is issued by a superior court

 ----  to an inferior court to transfer the record of proceedings in a case for review 

166. The writ of Prohibition is issued by a superior court 

---- to prevent an inferior court or tribunal from exceeding its jurisdiction or acting contrary to the rules of natural justice 

167. Writ of Prohibition 

---- Prohibits lower court exceeding its jurisdiction 

168. The writ issued by the superior court directing any constitutional, statutory or nonstatutory agency from not continuing their proceedings is known as 

---- Prohibition 

169. Writ of Certiorari is issued when a 

---  judicial authority acts in excess of jurisdiction 

170. The writ in the form of order which removes a suit from an inferior court to superior court to prevent an excess of jurisdiction is known as 

--- Certiorari 

171. Exploitation of any sort is prohibited under the Article 

---- 23 

172. A labourer is entitled to get at least minimum wages, otherwise, ____ Article is violated.

---- 23 

173. Child labour is prohibited under the Article 

--- 24  

174. Conflict of interest may be 

--- potential 

175. A person is detained under the Special Law when 

--- there is the likelihood of committing an offence against public

176. When a person is detained under a Special Law 

----  An Advisory Board must be constituted within three months 

177. Writ of Mandamus can be issued on the ground of 

---- Non-performance of public duties 

178. Writ of Quo Warranto can be issued on the ground of 

---- Unlawful occupation of public office  

179. Which of the following writ is issued by the Supreme Court if it sends an order to restrain a person from acting in an office to which he / she is not entitled? 

----  Quo Warranto 

180. Writ of Habeas Corpus means 

--- produce the body before the court  

181. Which one of the following is a bulwark of personal freedom? --- Habeas Corpus 


182. Which one of the following writs literally means ‘you may have the body’? 

---  Habeas Corpus  

183. According to the Constitution guarantees FRs to 

----- All citizens of India 

184. Right to Property was excluded form the FRs during the tenure of the Government headed by 

----  Morarji Desai 

185. The Right to Property was removed from the list of FRs enlisted in the Constitution of India through which one of the following Amendments? 

---  44th  

186. The 44th Amendment of Constitution of India withdrew the FR is to 

---- Property 

187. The Writs for the enforcement of FRs are issued by the 

---- Supreme Court 

188. A Preventive Detention Act restraints the Right to 

--- Freedom of Movement  

189. Article 19 of our Constitution forms the core of the Chapter on FRs. The number of categories of Freedoms that an Indian citizen shall have is 

--- 6 

190. What is the minimum permissible age in years of employment in any factory or mine? 

--- 14 

191. Which Article of the Constitution of India says, “No child below the age of 14 years shall be employed to work in any factory or mine or engaged in any other hazardous employment?” 

--- 24 

192. “Equality and arbitrariness are sworn enemies”. This was said in the following Case: 

----  Royappa V/s Tamil Nadu State  

193. The Supreme Court of India has held that sexual harassment of working women amounts to violation of rights of gender equality and right to life and personal liberty. The Case in which the Apex Court held this was 

----  Vishaka and Others V/s State of Rajasthan 

194. Consider the following statements:

---------- 

195. Which one is a newly added FR? (Right to) 

----  Education of Children 

196. FRs can be suspended during 

--- Emergency 

197. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched? 

---  Writ of Mandamus – Issued to the public servants

198. A Writ issued by the Supreme Court compelling a quasi-judicial / public authority to perform its mandatory duty is 

---- Mandamus  

199. Writs are 

--- Orders issued by courts to enforce obedience to laws 

200. Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched? 

---- Freedom of Conscience – Include the Right to worship at the temple at all hours of the day 

201. The FRs are 

--- Limitation upon the State power 

202. FRs are 

---- Positive and Negative 

203. The FRs provided to the citizens are 

--- Subject to reasonable restrictions 

204. Which important Human Right is protected in the Article 21 of Constitution of India? (Right to) 

---- Life and Liberty 

205. Freedom from arbitrary arrest is provided under 

---- Right to Personal Liberty  

206. The number of Fundamental Freedoms are guaranteed by our Constitution are 

---- Six 

207. To prevent persons coming to India from Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and African countries to become Indian citizens a Citizenship (Amendment) Act was passed in the year 

--- 1986

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