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Wednesday, March 27, 2019

VIII. EMERGENCY PROVISIONS OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION



1. Emergency Provisions were borrowed from the Constitution of 
Germany

2. Emergency Provisions under Indian Constitution describes the nature of Indian Polity as
Unitary

3. Which Article under the Constitution authorizes the President to proclaim an emergency?
352 

4. Emergency Provisions are enshrined under _____ Part of the Constitution.
XVIII 

5. According to Article 355, it is the duty of the Union to protect States against
External Aggression,  Constitutional Breakdown,  Internal Disturbance

6. The Indian Constitution is designed to work as a Unitary Government during the time of 
Emergency 

7. When the National Emergency is declared, the following Article is suspended?
14

8. While Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the President cannot suspend certain Fundamental Rights. They are
20 and 21 

9. The final authority to make a Proclamation of Emergency rests with (OR) _____ is empowered to declare an Emergency.
President

10. President can proclaim an Emergency with the recommendation of the
Union Cabinet

11. President can proclaim emergency on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet. Such recommendation shall be
Written recommendation

12. How many types of emergencies are envisaged by the Constitution?
3

13. Breakdown of Constitutional Machinery in a State is popularly known as
President’s Rule 

14. President’s Rule can be imposed on the States
on the failure of the constitutional machinery in a State

15. President’s Rule at the Center is possible
during National Emergency

16. The President can declare National Emergency
On the recommendation of the Council of Ministers 

17. Proclamation of National Emergency ceases to operate unless approved by the Parliament within (OR) Once the National Emergency is proclaimed, it should be approved by the Parliament within (OR) Proclamation issued under Article 352 shall be laid before the Parliament within
one month

18. Proclamation issued has been approved by the Parliament will be in force for a period of
6  months

19. When the Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, Parliament has the power to make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India under
List II

20. When the Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the Parliament has special powers to legislate under
State List 

21. The President can declare National Emergency
Due to threat arising on account of foreign attack or armed rebellion

22. President can proclaim an emergency on the ground of 
External Aggression, War, Armed Rebellion

23. How many times has a National Emergency been declared so far by the President?
Thrice 

24. The President can declare Constitutional Emergency in a State
If he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the State Government cannot be carried out on in accordance with the Constitution

25. Which type of emergency has been declared the maximum number of times?
Constitutional Emergency

26. Which one of the following types of emergency has not yet declared, till now?
Financial Emergency

27. A National Emergency can remain in operation with the approval of Parliament for a
Indefinite period 

28. This is not a ground to declare National Emergency.
serious internal disturbance

29. To declare a National Emergency, a decision must be taken by the 
Cabinet

30. Financial Emergency can be proclaimed under the Article ____.
360

31. Who is empowered to proclaim the Financial Emergency?
President 

32. Financial Emergency can be proclaimed on the ground of 
Any part of the Indian Territory is threatened,  Financial stability,  Credit of India

33. The President can declare Financial Emergency
If there is a threat to the financial stability or credit of India 

34. During a Financial Emergency, the President
(i) Order the reduction of salaries of Supreme Court and High Court Judges,
(ii) Order the reduction of salaries and allowances of all Central and State Civil Servants, 
(iii) Ask all States to reserve all the Money or Financial Bills passed by the State Legislature for his consideration 

35. When the Financial Emergency is under operation, the Union is empowered to
Reduce the salaries of its employees 

36. The three types of Proclamation of Emergency made by the President have to be placed before each House of Parliament for its approval within
One month in the case of National Emergency and within two months due to the breakdown of constitutional machinery and Financial Emergency

37. Which one of the following emergencies can be declared by the President only on the receipt in writing of the decision of the Union Cabinet
Emergency due to war, external aggression or armed rebellion 

38. When a Financial Emergency is proclaimed
Salaries and allowances of any class of employees may be reduced 

39. If the State fails to comply with the directives of the Central Government, the President can
declare breakdown of the constitutional machinery in the State and assume responsibility for its governance

40. This is not a ground to declare State Emergency
No clear majority

41. When a State Emergency is declared, all or any of the functions of the State Government are assumed by the
President

42. President made a Proclamation of Emergency on grounds of internal disturbances for the first time in
1975 

43. When the State Emergency is in operation, the President can’t interfere in the matters of 
State Judiciary 

44. Who has the duty to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance?
Union Government 

45. For the first time, the President make a Proclamation of Emergency under Article 352  in 
1962 

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