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Sunday, October 14, 2018

I. PREAMBLE AND EVOLUTION OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION

PREAMBLE AND EVOLUTION OF INDIAN CONSTITUTION


1. Who is the person fondly known as the Chief Architect of the Indian Constitution? 
---- Dr B. R. Ambedkar 

2. The first attempt in the world to constitute a Constituent Assembly to frame a Constitution was made by 

---- America 

3. The first attempt by Indians to write a Constitution to India was done by a Committee headed by Motilal Nehru, which is known as

---- Nehru Report 

4. The idea of the Constitution of India was flashed for the first time by 

----- M. N. Roy 

5. The plan of setting up of a Constituent Assembly to draw up the future Constitution for India was given by 

---- The Cabinet Mission Plan 

6. The members of the Constituent Assembly were 

---- Elected by Provincial Assemblies 

7. Which of the following word was added into the Preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976? 

---- Socialist  

8. From which Constitution was a concept of a 5-year plan borrowed into our Constitution? 

----------- USSR 

9. The procedure of Amendment to the Constitution is borrowed from the Constitution Of 

----------------- South Africa 

10. Which country is the best example for the Federal and Unitary Governments? 

---- America and Britain  

11. Which of the following is not a Democratic Institution of the Rig Vedic era? 

---- Grama  

12. During Medieval India, which kings first established ‘Local Self Government’? 

---- Cholas 

13. The East India Company was established in the year 

---- 1600 

14. Which Charter empowered the British Governors of Presidencies to make Bye-Laws, Rules, Regulations in conformity with the British laws? 

---- Charter of  1726       

15. Who started Dual Government in Bengal? 

---- Robert Clive  

16. Who is the first Governor General of Bengal? 

---- Warren Hastings 

17. Which is the first written document in the Constitutional History of India? 

--- The Regulating Act, 1773  

18. Which Act created for the first time in India ‘Government of India’? 

---- Charter Act of 1833 

19. Which Act created for the first ‘The Supreme Court’?

---- The Regulating Act, 1773 

20. First Law Commission was appointed in India for the codification of laws under the Chairmanship of 

----- Lord Macaulay 

21. Which Act made the beginning of a Parliamentary System in India? 

---- Charter Act of 1853  

22. Under which of the following Act, the Crown of England took the affairs of the Government of India into its own hands? 

----- Government of India Act, 1858

23. The Governor General of India was also the representative of British Crown to the Princely States in India and hence was known as the 

---- -------Viceroy of India 

24. Which Act for the first time gave an opportunity for Indians to enter into the sphere of Legislature? 

----- Indian Councils Act, 1861  

25. Which Act made the beginning of Electoral System in India? 

------------- Government of India Act, 1858  

26. Which of the following Act made the Indian Legislature Bi-cameral for the first time? 

---- Government of India Act, 1919  

27. The famous Dandi March laid by Gandhiji was against 

------------------ Salt Tax 

28. Which proposal was referred to as ‘Post Dated Cheque’? 

----- -------The Cripps Proposal 

29. Indian National Congress started ‘Quit India Movement’ after the failure of 

--------- Cripps Mission 

30. Gandhiji gave a call to all Indians ‘Do or Die’, which is popularly known as 

--------- Quit India Movement 

31. Which Plan rejected the demand for independent Pakistan? 

----- Cabinet Mission Plan 

32. Partition of British India into two independent nations India and Pakistan was done according to 

----- Mountbatten Plan 

33. The Federal features of the Indian Government were introduced by the 

----- Government of India Act, 1935           

34. Which feature was borrowed by the Indian Constitution from the British Constitution? 

------------ Lawmaking procedure, Parliamentary System of Government,  Rule of law 

35. The Constitution supports 

---- Rule of Law  

36. In Britain, Parliament is supreme; accordingly which among the following is supreme in India? 

----- Constitution 

37. The Government of India Act 1935 provided for 

----- Establishment of Federal Court, Diarchy at Center, Provincial autonomy 

38. The Act of 1935 abolished 

----- Diarchy in the Provinces 

39. The Constitution of India was enacted by a Constituent Assembly set up 

----- Under the Cabinet Mission Plan, 1946         

40. The Constituent Assembly of India was created as per the proposal of 

--------- Cabinet Mission  

41. In which year did the Cripps Mission come to India? 

----- --------1942 

42. The Constituent Assembly set up under the Cabinet Mission Plan had a strength of 

----389  

43. The strength of the Constituent Assembly, after the withdrawal of the Muslim League, was reduced to 

--- 299 

44. How many Committees were set up by the Constituent Assembly for framing the Constitution? 

---- 13

45. Who of the following acted as the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly? 

----------------B. N. Rau  

46. Demand for a Constitution, framed by a Constituent Assembly was made by 

----Gandhiji 

47. The idea of a Constituent Assembly to frame a Constitution for India was first mooted by 

---- Swaraj Party in 1928  

48. Who started with the presentation of the ‘Objective Resolution’ on 22.01.1947? 

------------- Jawaharlal Nehru 

49. When was the ‘Objective Resolution’ moved and adopted? 

------------------13.12.1946 and 22.01.1947  

50. The Members of the Constituent Assembly were 

----- Elected by Provincial Assemblies 

51. The Constituent Assembly of India held its first meeting on 

---------- 09.12.1946 

52. Which one of the following acted as the Provisional President of the Constituent Assembly? 

----------- Sachidananda Sinha  

53. The Constituent Assembly elected on 11.12.1946 as its Permanent Chairman 

--------Rajendra Prasad 

54. Who elected the Chairman of the Drafting Committee of the Constituent Assembly? 

------ B. R. Ambedkar 

55. The Chairman of the Drafting Committee to prepare a Draft Constitution of India was 

------ B. R. Ambedkar 

56. The name of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is associated with which of the following? 

----- Chairman-Drafting Committee 

57. Who among the following was a member of the Drafting Committee? 

----- ----Ambedkar,  Gopalachari Ayyangar, Alladi Krishnaswami 

58. Many Provisions in our Constitution have been borrowed from the Government of  India Act

 ----  1919 

59. The Government of India Act 1919 introduced a system of diarchy in the provinces. ‘Diarchy’ means a system of 

------ -------Double government 

60. When was the Constituent Assembly established to form the Constitution? 

----   06.12.1946 

61. The Constitution of India was adopted on 

------ 26.11.1949 

62. The Constitution of India came into force on 

------   26.01.1950  

63. The Constitution of India contains (Articles, Parts, Schedules) 

------ ------444, 24, 12 

64. How much time did the Constituent Assembly take to prepare the Constitution of India? 

---- -------------02Y, 11M, 18D  

65. Who had given the idea of a Constitution for India of all? 

-----   M. N. Roy  

66. The Constitution of India is 

------- written and bulky document  

67. The Constitution framed by a Committee consisting of the people representatives is called as 

----- Written Constitution

68. Constitution which provides for a series of semi-autonomous states joined together as a nation is 

------ Federal Constitution 

69. Centralization of power is an important feature in 

----- Federal Constitution  

70. The Constitution which can be amended by the simple act of the legislature is known as 

------   Flexible Constitution  

71. Which one of the following provisions of the Constitution came into force soon after its adoption on 26.11.1949? 

---- Provisional Parliament,  Provisions relating to Citizenship,  Elections 

72. India has been described under Article 1 of the Constitution as a 

------ Union of States 

73. The Constitution of India is 

------ Partly rigid and partly flexible 

74. The Constitution of India describes India as 

-------   A Union of States 

75. The Indian Constitution is recognized as

 ------    Federal in form and Unitary in spirit 

76. The feature common of both Indian and American Federation is 

------- Supreme Court to interpret Constitution 

77. The Indian Constitution came into force on 26.01.1950, hence this day is celebrated as 

----- Republic Day  

78. January 26th was selected as the date for the inauguration of the Constitution because 

-----   Congress had observed it as the Independence Day in 1930 

79. 26th November 1949 is a significant day in our constitutional history because 

--------- The Constitution was adopted on this day 

80. Which one of the following exercised the most profound influence on the Indian Constitution?

--------The Gov Of India Act, 1935 

81. The Parliamentary system of Government in India is based on the pattern of 

----- Great Britain  

82. To whom do the People of India give the Constitution to 

---- Themselves 

83. The beginning word ‘WE’ in the Preamble refers to the 

----- Citizens of India 

84. The important test to identify the basic features of the Indian Constitution is 

----- Preamble 

85. The Preamble to the Constitution contains 

-----   Fraternity, Democratic, Sovereignty 

86. India is a Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic. In the Indian Constitution, this expression occurs in 

----- --------Preamble 

87. The Preamble to the Constitution declares India as 

----- -------Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic 

88. The Preamble of the Indian Constitution has been amended so far  

----- ------------Once  

89. The Preamble was amended by the 

----- -------42nd Amendment, 1976 

90. ‘Fraternity’ means 

-----   spirit of brotherhood 

91. The words ‘Socialist Secular’ were 

----   Added by the 42nd Amendment 

92. ‘Liberty’ in our Preamble does not include Freedom of 

----   Action 

93. Which among the following is an aid to the Statutory Interpretation? 

---- -----Preamble

94. Which of the key to open the minds of the makers of the Constitution? 

----- Preamble 

95. If the Head of the State is an elected functionary for a fixed term, it is known as ____State. 

----- --------Republic 

96. The Preamble to the Indian Constitution is borrowed from the 

------- Objective Resolution 

97. Objective Resolution was silent as to the concept of ____ which was inserted into the Preamble by the Constituent Assembly 

-------------Democratic 

98. Universal Adult Franchise shows that India is a _______ country. 

------------- Democratic  

99. Who proposed Preamble before the Drafting Committee of the Constitution? 

-----------Jawaharlal Nehru 

100. The Preamble of our Constitution reads 

------   We, the people of India in our Constituent Assembly adopt, enact and give to 

101. India is called a ‘Republic’ because 

------- The Head of the State in India (President) is an elected head for a fixed period 

102. ‘Sovereignty’ in a democracy rests with the 

------------- People 

103. The Preamble secures Justice, Liberty, Equality and Fraternity to

-------- All citizens  

104. The Preamble of the Constitution indicates 

-------   The source of the Indian Constitution 

105. It is not the objective enshrined in the Preamble. 

-------- Secure shelter and proper livelihood to all 

106. The idea of social, economic and political justice has been taken from _____ Revolution. 

----------- French 

107. The concept of equality and fraternity has been taken from _____ Revolution. 

-------- Russian 

108. Which of the following is described as the ‘Soul of the Constitution’? 

-------- Preamble 

109. Which one of the following is not treated as part of the Constitution? 

----------- Fundamental Duties 

110. Democracy of India rests on the fact that 

------- People have the right to choose and change the government 

111. The word ‘Democracy’ is derived from the Greek words 

------------ Demos and Kratos 

112. India opted for a Federal form of government because of 

------- Linguistic and Regional Diversity 

113. What is the chief (ultimate) source of political power (authority) in India?

-----------People 

114. A Flexible Constitution 

-------   can be amended easily 

115. The Judiciary acts as a guardian of the Constitution in a 

-------- Federal government 

116. India is a Secular State because 

-------- It is described so in the preamble of the Constitution 

117. Our Constitution has laid emphasis on securing social, economic and political justice to all the citizens of the country. These objectives are aimed at securing a 

--------- Welfare State

118. Modern States are generally considered as 

----- Welfare States 

119. A State which does not promote or interfere in the affairs of religion is referred to as 

---- Secular 

120. The Constitution is a 

------- Dynamic Law  

121. The Constitution of India provides 

----- Single citizenship  

122. The Constitution provides 

--------- Powers, Responsibilities, Limitations 

123. The fundamental organs of the State are established by 

------- Constitution  

124. Detailed provisions regarding the acquisition and termination of Indian citizenship are contained in 

-------- Act passed by the Parliament in 1955  

125. Which of the following is not a condition for becoming an Indian citizen? [Citizenship by]

 -------- Acquiring property 

126. A person can lose citizenship through 

-------- Deprivation, Termination, and Renunciation 

127. The aims and objectives of the Constitution have been enshrined in 

-------- The Preamble 

128. The Office of the Governor General of India was for the first time created under 

------ Regulating Act, 1773  

129. According to the Act of 1858, the territory was divided into 

--------- Provinces  

130. When did the British Crown assume sovereignty over India from East India Company?

----  1858  

131. Morley-Minto Reforms were implemented by the Indian Councils Act 

------- 1909  

132. Which of the following is also known as the Act of 1919? 

------- Montague-Chelmsford Reform Act        

133. Under which of the following Act was Provincial Autonomy introduced in India? 

------ Government of India Act, 1935 

134. Who made the Constitution of India? 

------- The Constituent Assembly 

135. A Constituent Assembly is convened to 

------ Frame the Constitution of the country 

136. The Constituent Assembly was set up to under the 

---- Cabinet Mission Plan of 1946  

137. Which party was not associated with the Constituent Assembly of India? 

----- The Communist Party  

138. The Republic of India established by the Constitution is 

----- Sovereign, Socialist, Secular 

139. The mind and ideals of the framers of the Constitution are reflected in the 

----- Preamble  

140. In our Constitution, what justice is not given to the citizens? 

----- Technical  

141. The present Five-year Plan (2002-2007) is 

-------- 11th  

142. ‘Amend’ means 

------- remove the difficulties  

143. ‘Enact’ means 

------ pass a law 

144. Who advocated ‘Grama Swarajya’ for the growth of the villages? 

----- Gandhiji

145. ‘Poornaswarajya’ was declared as the goal of the Congress on December 1929 in the 

---------------- Lahore Session  

146. Our Constitution prohibits _____Untouchability  147. The Constitution declared India as a Republic on ________ 

------- 26.01.1950  

148. Who has given the following statement: “Democracy means a Government of the people, by the people and for the people”? 

------ Abraham Lincoln 

149. Which one of the following features were borrowed by the framers of the Constitution from the US Constitution? 

------- Removal of Judges of the Supreme Court, Judicial Review,  Fundamental Rights 

150. The ideals of liberty, equality and fraternity enshrined in the Preamble of the Constitution were adopted under inspiration from 

------ The French Revolution 

151. _______is the chief force of political power in India. 

------ The People  

152. The Constitution describes the Indian Union as 

----- India i.e. Bharat  

153. The Constitution of India describes India as 

---- Union of States 

154. The two persons who played a vital role in the integration of Princely States were 

----- Sardar Patel and V. P. Menon  

155. The States were reorganized on a linguistic basis in 

---- 1956  

156. Which State enjoys the distinction of being the first linguistic State of India? 

----- Andhra Pradesh 

157. The Indian Federal system is modelled on the Federal system of 

---- Canada  

158. India is known as Parliamentary Democracy because 

---- Executive is responsible to the Parliament 

159. The Indian State is regarded as federal because the Indian Constitution provides for 

----- Sharing of power between Center and States 

160. In which Case did Supreme Court hold that the Preamble was a part of the Constitution? 

----- Keshavananda Bharti Case 

161. In which Case did Supreme Court hold that Preamble was not a part of the Constitution? 

---  Berubari Case 

162. The Ninth Schedule 

------  was added to the Constitution by the 1st Amendment 

163. Which Schedule details the boundaries of the States and the Union Territories? 

----  I 

164. The details of salaries, allowances, etc. of the President, Vice President, Speaker, Judges of Supreme Court, etc. are provided in Schedule 

----- II  

165. Which Schedule gives details regarding the subjects included in the three lists — Central, State and Concurrent Lists? 

----- --------VII 

166. In the Indian Constitution 

----- There are three lists: The Union list, the State list and the Concurrent list 

167. Which of the following statements is correct? 

---- Rule of Law is a basic feature of the Constitution which cannot be amended under Article 368 of the Constitution

168. As per Article 262 of the Indian Constitution, disputes relating to waters shall be solved By 

--- ---------Parliament 

169. Which one of the following declares India as a Secular State? 

---- Preamble of the Constitution 

170. By which of the following a new State is formed? 
---- Constitutional Amendment 

171. The final interpreter to Indian Constitution is 

----- Supreme Court 

172. Every Amendment of the Indian Constitution has to be approved by the 

----- Parliament  

173. Which one of the following States has a separate Constitution? 

------ Jammu & Kashmir 

174. Apart from the Jammu & Kashmir, which other State has been provided special protection in certain matters? 

----- Nagaland 

175. Article 356 of the Constitution of India deals with 

----- Proclamation of President’s Rule in a State 

176. The State of Jammu & Kashmir was accorded special status under 

----- Article 370 

177. The Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir was framed by 

---- A special Constituent Assembly set up by the State 

178. The Constitution of Jammu & Kashmir came into force on 

---- 26.01.1957  

179. The special status of Jammu & Kashmir implies that the State has separate 

----- Constitution 

180. In case of Jammu & Kashmir, an Amendment to the Constitution become applicable 

----- only after the President issued the necessary orders under Article 370 

181. Under the Parliamentary system of the Government, 

------ the Cabinet as a whole is responsible to the Legislature 

182. Who is authorized to initiate a Bill for Constitutional Amendment? 

---- Either House of Parliament  

183. The power of Parliament to amend the Constitution 

-------   includes the power to amend by way of addition, variation or repeal 

184. Which Article empowers the Parliament to amend the Indian Constitution? 

---- 368  

185. Ninth Schedule to the Constitution is added by way of ____ Constitutional Amendment. 

--- 1st  

186. What is contained in the Tenth Schedule of the Indian Constitution? 


----- Provisions regarding disqualification on grounds of defection 


187. Mahatma Gandhiji was first referred to as the ‘Father of the Nation’ by 

------ Subhash Chandra Bose 

188. ‘Jai Hind’, the nationalist slogan of India was coined by 

---- Subhash Chandra Bose  

189. Who framed the Constitution of India? 

---- Dr B. R. Ambedkar 

190. Which famous leader raised the slogan, “Tell the Slave, He is a Slave and He will Revolt”? 

---------------Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

191. Who said, “Those who attack Congress and spare Nehru are fools. They do not know the ABCs of the politics …….?” 

----- -------Dr. B. R. Ambedkar 

192. What is the name given to the Ambedkar’s house built for himself, his family and books at Dadar, in Bombay? 

----- --------Rajagriha  

193. Indian Constitution is 

----- Wholly written 

194. The Indian Constitution is 

----- Lengthy, Written 

195. Consider the following statement: On eve of the launch of Quit India Movement, Mahatma Gandhi -

---- 

196. The ‘Homespun Movement’ and the Salt March promoted by Mahatma Gandhiji in India are examples of his policy of 

----- Non-violent protest 

197. Which year is considered to be a memorable landmark in the history of India’s Struggle for Freedom? 

---- 1921 

198. The First War of Independence took place in the year (OR) In which year did the Sepoy Mutiny, India’s first Freedom Struggle, takes place? 

----- 1857  

199. Mahatma Gandhiji was the editor of 

----- Young India 

200. Who was not a member of the Constituent Assembly? 

--- Mahatma Gandhi 

201. Who among the following was not a member of the Royal Commission on the Public Services in India, 1912?

------------------Bal Gangadhar Tilak 

202. Which national leader of India, preached through his paper ‘Kesari’, his new ideas of self-help and national revival among the masses?

----------------Bal Gangadhar Tilak  

203. Which newspaper was started by Lokamanya Tilak to serve as a mouthpiece for the Indians in the Freedom Struggle? 

----- Kesari 

204. The Cabinet Mission to India was headed by 

----- Lord Pethick-Lawrence 

205. In which one of the following provinces was a Congress ministry not formed under Act of 1935? 

----- Punjab  

206. Under whose Presidency was the Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress held in the year 1929 wherein a resolution was adopted to gain complete independence from the British? 

----- Jawaharlal Nehru  

207. Unity between the Congress and Muslim League (Lucknow Pact) and between the Moderates and Extremists took place in 

---- 1916  

208. At which Congress Session was the Working Committee authorized to launch a programme of Civil Disobedience? 

---- Lahore  

209. The historic 1929 Lahore Session of Indian National Congress was presided over by 

---- Jawaharlal Nehru 

210. Who among the following drafted the resolution on Fundamental Rights for the Karachi Session of Congress in 1931? 

----------------------- Jawaharlal Nehru  

211. Who among the following was the Chairman of the Union Constitution Committee of the Constituent Assembly? 

----- Jawaharlal Nehru

212. Who made the comment on the Constitution should not be so rigid that it cannot be adapted to the changing needs of national development and strength? 

---- Rajiv Gandhi 

213. ‘Vande Mataram’ was first sung at the session of the Indian National Congress in 

----- 1896 

214. The expression ‘Tryst with Destiny’ was used by Jawaharlal Nehru on the occasion of 

--------------August Declaration 

215. India enacted an important event of Indian National Movement celebrating the 75th anniversary. Which was it? 

----- ------------Civil Obedience Movement 

216. Which one of the following principle with regard to ‘Panchsheel’? 

--- Mutual Noninterference in each other’s internal matters, Mutual Non-aggression, Mutual respect for each other's territorial integrity and sovereignty 

217. The Agreement between India and China, by which both accepted ‘Panchsheel’ as the basis of their relations, was signed in 

---- 1954  

218. ‘Panchsheel’ was signed between 

------ Jawaharlal Nehru and Chou-En-Lai  

219. When was the famous Gandhi–Irwin Pact signed? 

---- 1931 

220. Who coined the term ‘Non-Alignment’? 

----- Krishna Menon 

221. Who among the following repealed the Vernacular Press Act?

 ---- Lord Ripon  

222. Who was assigned the task of partitioning India in 1947? 

----  Sir Cyril Redcliffe 

223. Which Englishman’s role was control to the founding of the Indian National Congress?  (OR) Which British was elemental in the formation of the Indian National Congress? 

---- Allen Octavian Hume  

224. Subhash Chandra Bose renamed what as “Shaheed and Swaraj”? 

---------The Andaman and Nicobar Islands 

225. Which party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose in the year 1939 after he broke away from the Congress? (OR) Which political party was founded by Subhash Chandra Bose? 

----- Forward Bloc 

226. The Indian National Army was founded by 

----- Subhash Chandra Bose  

227. In which year and place did Subhash Chandra Bose re-organized the Azad Hind Fauz (also known as Indian National Army–INA)? 

------ 1943, Singapore  

228. By what name was the woman’s regiment of the Indian National Army known? 

---- Rani Jhansi Regiment  

229. The INA, organized by Subhash Chandra Bose, surrendered to the British after the collapse of 

---- Japan 

230. During the Indian Freedom Struggle, who among the following proposed that Swaraj should be defined has complete independence free from all foreign controls? 

---- Abul Kalam Azad 

231. The leader of the Bardoli Satyagraha (1928) was 

-------------Vallabhbhai Patel  

232. When did the British Parliament pass the Indian Independence Bill? 

----------01.07.1947

233. The reference to Hindus in Article 25 of the Constitution does not include 

--- Parsees  

234. The financial allocation for education was made for the first time by the Charter Act of 

---- 1813 

235. ‘Go Back to the Vedas’ was the motto of 

---- Swami Dayananda Saraswati  

236. Which of the following persons became Vice President after serving as acting President of India for a short duration? 


---- Mohammed Hidayat Ullah 


237. In 1921, a Session of the Indian National Congress was held when its President was in prison and with some other leader acting as its President. Who was the Congress President in prison? 

--- C. R. Das 

238. Following the famous ‘Quit India Resolve’, the top Congress leaders were arrested On 

--- 09.08.1942 

239. The ‘Quit India Movement’ started at and when 

---- Bombay, 08.08.1942 

240. Which famous Movement did Mahatma Gandhi launch in August 1942? 

---- Quit India Movement  

241. In how many provinces did the Indian National Congress form Governments after the elections to the Assemblies held under the Government of India Act of 1935? 

----- 7 

242. The Muslim League declared its goal of forming Pakistan in which city in 1940? 

----- Karachi 

243. Name the only Indian ruler who has died fighting the British? 

---- Tippu Sultan 

244. Who was the first Muslim Invader of India? 

---------- Mohammed Bin Kasim  

245. The words ‘Satyameva Jayate’ inscribed in Devanagari script below the abacus of the State Emblem of India are taken from 

-------------- Mundaka Upanishad  

246. The design of the National Flag of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly On

 ------------- 22.08.1947 

247. Who gave the first draft of the Constitution to the Drafting Committee to consider and improve 

---------- B. N. Rau 

248. The Final Draft of the Constitution was prepared by 

---------- S. N. Mukherjee  

249. The State of Bombay, a Part A State in the original Constitution, was split into two States, Gujarat and Maharashtra, in

 ---- 1960 

250. The Preamble says that the State in India will assure the dignity of the individual. The Constitution seeks to achieve this object by guaranteeing 

---- ----Equal FRs to each citizen 

251. Our Preamble mentions the _____ kinds of Justice. 

---- ---- Social, Economic and Political        

252. Articles 19(1)(f) and 31 were deleted and Article 300-A was inserted by the following Constitution Amendment Act 

– 44th  

253. Which of the following Article of the Constitution cannot be amended by a simple majority in both the Houses of Parliament?

 ---- 15

254. Which of the following events made Gandhiji launch, for the first time, the Civil Disobedience Movement 

------  ---Promulgation of Rowlatt Act of 1919 

255. Where did Mahatma Gandhiji first try the weapon of ‘Satyagraha’? 

----- South Africa  

256. The most effective measure against injustice adopted by Gandhiji was 

----- ----Fasting  

257. Gandhiji started Satyagraha in 1919 to protest against the 

--- Rowlatt Act 

258. Which of the following Acts of British Parliament envisaged for the first time a close association of Indians with the administration? 

----- ----Indian Councils Act, 1909  

259. Which of the following Acts gave representation to the Indians for the first time in legislation? 

---- Indian Councils Act, 1909  

260. Which leader dominated the Lucknow Pact in December 1916?

----------Bal Gangadhar Tilak  

261. The famous Lucknow Pact between the Congress and the Muslim League was concluded in 

---- 1916 

262. Which present-day country was a part of British India from 1886–1937? 

----- Myanmar  

263. Which one of the following is related to the development of education in Modern India? 

---- Resolution of  1835, Regulating Act, Charter Act, 1813 

264. Which British Official was sent to Lahore to negotiate the Treaty of Amritsar with Ranjit Singh? 

-------  Charles T. Metcalfe  

265. Who was the Governor General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny? 

--- ---- Lord Canning 

266. Who was the first woman President of UN General Assembly? 

----------Vijayalakshmi Pandit 

267. Which Section of the Limitation Act defines Tort? 

---- -----Section 2 (m)  

268. The seeds of the doctrine of Basic Structure can be traced to the following: 

---- ----The majority judgment of Chief Justice Subba Rao in Golak Nath V/s State of Punjab 

269. The purpose of the Ilbert Bill was 

----- To remove an anomaly in the Criminal Procedure Code of 1873, according to which no magistrate or sessions judge could try a European or British subject unless he was himself of European birth 

270. In India, the liability of the State for wrongs committed by its servants 

– ---- Is the same as what that of the East India Company prior to the year 1858 (According to Case Kasturi Lal Raliaram Jain V/s State of Uttar Pradesh) 

271. An Amendment of the Constitution of India for the purpose of creating a new State in India must be passed by 

----- A simple majority in the Parliament 

272. On which of the following did the Mahalonobis Model laid greater emphasis for planned development in India after Independence? 

------ Heavy Industries Development  

273. How our Constitution was criticized? 

------------ 

274. What has been described as the ‘Indian Political Horoscope’?

---- -------Preamble  

275. Who called the word for Preamble as ‘Political Horoscope of India’? 

---- K.M. Munshi

276. What is meant by saying that India is a ‘Secular State’? 

----- Complete detachment from the affairs of the religion 

277. Where in the Indian Constitution, ‘Economic Justice’ has been provided as one of the objectives? 

-------Preamble and DPSP  

278. Who treated as ‘Sovereign’ in Constitution of India? 

----- People 

279. Home Rule League was founded by 

---- Annie Beasant 

280. Who set up the first school of untouchables in India? 

----- Jyothiba Phule, 
1948, Pune  

281. In which year was Untouchability abolished in India? 

-------1950 

282. Shimla Agreement between India and Pakistan was signed during 

---- 1972  

283. The first visible effect of the Constitution was 

----- Disappearance of Princely States 

284. The Constitution of India provides _______ system of Government. 

---- ----Cabinet 

285. Kashmiri is the Official Language of 

----- No State in the Indian Union  

286. In which year were the Indian States reorganized on a linguistic basis? 

---- ----1956 

287. The Lal in Lal, Bal, Pal was 

---- Lala Lajpat Rai  

288. Indian Constitution is called ‘Quasi-Federal’ because it has 

--- Single Judiciary 

289. Who succeeded Lord Mountbatten as the first Indian Governor General of the Indian dominion till 26th January 1950 when India became a Republic? 

----- ----C. Rajagopalachari

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